FAQs about Adoption in Arizona
If you’re considering the adoption of a child in Arizona, you probably have dozens of questions about it. The following FAQs will attempt to address some of the most common inquiries.
Who Can Adopt in Arizona?
The qualifications needed to foster and to adopt a child are the same. A person can be single, married divorced or widowed. There’s a minimum age requirement of being at least 18 to adopt a child.
The other adoption requirements include owning or renting an apartment or a house, passing criminal background checks, having a Level 1 Fingerprint Clearance Card that’s issued by the Arizona Department of Public Safety and being lawfully in the US.
What Does It Cost to Adopt a Child?
The cost of adoption ranks among the most frequently asked questions because numerous Arizona residents worry that the process is way too expensive.
The process starts by contacting a licensed Arizona adoption agency. Most agencies will charge approximately $800 for the issuing of an adoption certificate. When a child is placed in the home of the family, this fee is reimbursed.
There are a few other essentials to keep in mind. A private adoption that does not involve an agency is the least expensive one. In this instance, the family will meet with the birth mother and they’ll work with an adoption lawyer. In this instance, the attorney’s fees will be the main expense.
The problem with private adoptions is that they could take a lot of time to be completed.
Domestic and international organizations also handle adoptions for Arizona families. Depending on the chosen route, the overall cost will come in the $10,000 to $50,000 range.
Who May Be Adopted?
Minors under the age of 18 who are not illegal aliens and who are in Arizona at the time of the petition can be adopted.
A child should be legally free for adoption for the process to be initiated. The birth parents should have given their consent to the adoption. Alternatively, their parental rights should have been terminated by the court or they are deceased.
What is an Open Adoption?
In most cases, birth parents will consider an open adoption when contemplating giving up their child.
The terms and conditions of the open adoption will vary. In some instances, the birth parents will want to meet the adoptive family before the finalization of the process. In other situations, ongoing communication may be required.
In Arizona, the birth parents and the adoptive parents can sign a legally-binding document that pinpoints all of the terms and conditions. This includes eventual visitation rights after the adoption is finalized.
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Can Birth Parents Revoke Their Adoption Consent?
A.R.S. 8-106 and 8-107 state that adoption consent is irrevocable.
Only a few exceptions apply to these provisions. Consent can be revoked whenever it is obtained in a fraudulent way or under influence or duress.
However, the Indian Child Welfare Act (a document that focuses on the custody of Indian children) enables a parent to withdraw their consent to an adoption before the final adoption order is issued.
Can a Same-Sex Married Couple Carry Out a Joint Adoption?
A.R.S. 8-103 is an outdated piece of legislation that states a husband and a wife may jointly adopt a child. While the law is still valid, Arizona court has already finalized joint adoptions by same-sex married couples.
Whenever two legally married individuals have a child, they are both legally presumed to be parents. The completion of a legal adoption in the case of a same-sex couple comes with certain benefits that justify the trouble of going through the process.